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CheckBIOSDisk: Check uefi/legacy bios and gpt/mbr disk type for WinPE

This is a Win32 console application for Windows Preinstall Environment system. The gaol is checking PC uses UEFI BIOS (or with CSM) must ensures the disk type is GPT format, otherwise the legacy BIOS must using MBR format for disk layout. C++ code only does windows executing diskpart and reg commands and checks results to improve function, because requester is lazy and having lack knowledge on his job to design commands flow.

https://github.com/sharowyeh/checkbiosdisk

PS: Another tool by author:

https://github.com/sharowyeh/NvGpuUtility

 

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Microsoft MDT: moving from BIOS to UEFI

If you have a Windows box and are trying to convert MBR/BIOS installs to GPT/UEFI installs on ‘class 2’ systems, you might want to read this:

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mniehaus/2017/04/14/moving-from-bios-to-uefi-with-mdt-8443/

 

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MBR2GPT

“MBR2GPT.EXE converts a disk from Master Boot Record (MBR) to GUID Partition Table (GPT) partition style without modifying or deleting data on the disk. The tool is designed to be run from a Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) command prompt, but can also be run from the full Windows 10 operating system (OS).[…]”

https://technet.microsoft.com/itpro/windows/deploy/mbr-to-gpt

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/windowsitpro/2017/04/05/whats-new-for-it-pros-in-the-windows-10-creators-update/

https://redmondmag.com/articles/2017/04/07/windows-10-creators-update-tools-and-documentation-released.aspx

 

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Brian on Secure Boot -vs- Nemesis

Brian Richardson of Intel wrote a new blog on the recent Nemesis malware:

(Nemesis targets BIOS-centric MBR not UEFI-centric GPT partititions.)

http://blogs.intel.com/evangelists/2015/12/08/nemesis-meet-uefi-secure-boot/

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Determining Windows partition information

Patrik Suzzi has an article on GPT partitions, and how to determine if you have MBR or GPT:

The article is written for Windows users, and has lots of screenshots, looks to be informative!

http://www.multibooters.com/guides/determine-if-hard-drive-is-mbr-or-gpt.html

 

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Intel EFI Disk Utilities

Intel has a set of disk utilities, for creating/checking GPT partitions and FAT file systems. They aren’t included in TianoCore’s EDK2 with the other BSD-licensed UEFI Shell commands. These tools ship separately, with a separate license, presumably due to the tool’s knowledge of FAT file system format. Here’s a brief description of the tools, as excerpted from the download license:

Microsoft EFI Utilities: The term “Microsoft EFI Utilities” shall mean the Guided Partition Table utilities Diskpart (Disk partitioning utility), Efifmt (EFI Format utility) and Efichk (EFI Check Disk utility) stored in a file named GPT_UTIL.zip.

To get the tools, you have to agree to the license on this page, if so you get to download a zip. Then you have to read the readme in that zip, to get the password for the other included zip, which contain the actual tools. Lawyer-designed.

http://www.intel.com/technology/efi/agree_diskutil.htm

The tools come with source, not just binary. They didn’t compile for me, this morning: I think they require a much older EDK2 environment to build. But at least they ship with source, though it is not BSD-licensed Open Source. The tools are old enough that they still use “EFI”, not the newer “UEFI” term.

I wish Intel could donate these tools to the UEFI Forum, so that Intel- *AND* ARM-based users could benefit. TianoCore already has a FAT license, for it’s file system driver. Adding these tools to that package would eliminate one FAT-centric license, and bundle FAT-centric tools along with the FAT-centric file system driver. It would be nice for TianoCore to be able to fix/create ESPs, not just run from ESPs created elsewhere. Perhaps use the Disk Util common code for some other UEFI-based file system diagnostic tools for file systems that UEFI ships, eg UFS, maybe UDF.

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Using FreeBSD, ZFS, and UEFI

Jashank Jeremy wrote an article on using FreeBSD, ZFS, GPT, and UEFI, on a 64-bit system.

Apparently, the trick to is to use GRUB’s kFreeBSD mode. Full information here:

Hmm, WordPress imbeds the entire source file listing of a Git.Github URL. So I’m splitting this URL, you’ll have to combine it yourself:

https://
gist.github.com/jashank
/9ec2f72126552068434c

Also check out the reply from Felix Khrohn on Jashank’s Twitter post, with an URL to alternative method by Ganael Laplanche.

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