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Dmytro on PCI-E/SMM vulnerability

Dmytro has an interesting 6-part twitter post on PCI-e security:

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Intel Excite project

There is a new document out from Intel that describes their Excite project. No URL to source code, AFAICT.

Finding BIOS Vulnerabilities with Symbolic Execution and Virtual Platforms
By Engblom, Jakob (Intel), Added June 6, 2017
Finding BIOS Vulnerabilities With Excite
Finding vulnerabilities in code is part of the constant security game between attackers and defenders. An attacker only needs to find one opening to be successful, while a defender needs to search for and plug all or at least most of the holes in a system. Thus, a defender needs more effective tools than the attacker to come out ahead.[…]

 

https://software.intel.com/en-us/blogs/2017/06/06/finding-bios-vulnerabilities-with-excite

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Intel NUC SMM exploit

Intel® Branded NUC’s Vulnerable to SMM exploit
Intel ID:      INTEL-SA-00068
Product family:      Intel® NUC Kits
Impact of vulnerability:      Elevation of Privilege
Severity rating:      Important
Original release:      May 02, 2017
Last revised:      May 02, 2017

Intel is releasing updated BIOS firmware for a privilege escalation issue. This issue affects Intel® NUC Kits listed in the Model Number section below. The issue identified is a method that enables malicious code to gain access to System Management Mode (SMM). A malicious attacker with local administrative access can leverage vulnerable BIOS to execute arbitrary code outside of SMRAM while system is running in System management mode (SMM), potentially compromising the platform. Intel products that are listed below should apply the update. Intel highly recommends updating the BIOS of all Intel® NUC’s to the recommended BIOS or later listed in the table of affected products. Intel would like to thank Security Researcher Dmytro Oleksiuk for discovering and reporting this issue.

https://security-center.intel.com/advisory.aspx?intelid=INTEL-SA-00068&languageid=en-fr

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Shell script for Laszlo’s SMM test environment article

Laszlo Ersek of Red Hat wrote a wiki article on tianocore.org[1], showing how to setup the EDK2 with QEMU/OVMF for testing SMM code using Fedora.

Recently, Alex Floyd of PreOS Security wrote a shell script to codify this wiki article[2].

Laszlo’s wiki is dense, I expect this script will be useful for some UEFI firmware engineers and security researchers.

According to Alex, “some things needed tweaking to get to work, and the Windows portion of the tutorial is not included in the script.”

[1] https://github.com/tianocore/tianocore.github.io/wiki/Testing-SMM-with-QEMU,-KVM-and-libvirt

[2] https://github.com/gencymex/smmtestbuildscript

https://github.com/gencymex/smmtestbuildscript/blob/master/smmtesthost.sh

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scan_thinkpwn: searches for ThinkPwn vulnerability

THINKPWN SCANNER: This program is used to scan UEFI drivers extracted from firmware image for ThinkPwn vulnerability in vendor/model agnostic way.
AUTHORS:
@d_olex (aka Cr4sh) — initial Vivisect based version of the program;

@trufae (aka pankake) — radare2 based version (this one);

Read the source code for more user docs, including a detailed source comment about how the code works.

https://github.com/Cr4sh/ThinkPwn/blob/master/scan_thinkpwn.py

More info:
https://github.com/Cr4sh/ThinkPwn
http://blog.cr4.sh/2016/06/exploring-and-exploiting-lenovo.html

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Testing SMM with QEMU, KVM and libvirt

Laszlo Ersek has created a new document that shows how to test SMM using UEFI’s OVMF. Great information!

I’ve added the following article to the TianoCore wiki[1]. It should help both Windows and Linux desktop users build a KVM test machine / environment that closely resembles mine. Such an environment is useful for testing and regression-testing new MP and SMM features and bugfixes. The initial setup is not short, but once you got it up and running, it’s very simple to rebuild OVMF with the edk2 changes, install the firmware binary in the right place (see the article) and then click the Play button on the Fedora 25 and Windows 10 guests, to see the changes in action. If you have smaller updates or structural reorgs for the document, there’s no need to ask me, just go ahead and do them. If some significant information is missing that you’d like me to add, I think I’d prefer new TianoCore BZs at this time (Product: Tianocore Feature Requests, Component: Web Content, Assignee: yours truly). I don’t know when I’ll have time again to dig into this.
[1]https://github.com/tianocore/tianocore.github.io/wiki/Testing-SMM-with-QEMU,-KVM-and-libvirt

Full announcement:
https://lists.01.org/mailman/listinfo/edk2-devel

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Tianocore BIOS setup authentication password patch

Jiewen Yao of Intel posted a V2 patch to the EDK2-devel list, adding new user authentication to Tianocore, including SMM interaction.

==== V2 ====
1) Add SmmCommunicationBufferProtocol dependency.
2) Cleanup header file and copyright to 2017.
3) Add missing UserAuthenticationSmm.uni.
4) Rename KeyLib.h/c to KeyService.h/c to avoid confusing.

This series patch adds password support in EDKII. This password based user authentication is to verify user when a user
wants to enter BIOS setup page. The detail information is added in [PATCH 5/6].

CryptoPkg:SmmCryptLib: Add real Pkcs5Pbkdf2.c.
SecurityPkg/dec: Add PcdPasswordCleared.
SecurityPkg/include: Add PlatformPasswordLib lib class.
SecurityPkg/PlatformPasswordLibNull: Add PlatformPasswordLib instance.
SecurityPkg/Password: Add Password based UserAuthentication modules.
SecurityPkg/dsc: add Password authentication module.

24 files changed, 2768 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

More info:
https://lists.01.org/mailman/listinfo/edk2-devel

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