Nighthawk: Transparent System Introspection from Ring -3

[…]In this paper, we propose an introspection framework called Nighthawk that transparently checks system integrity at runtime. Nighthawk leverages the Intel Management Engine (IME), a co-processor that runs in isolation from the main CPU. By using the IME, our approach has a minimal TCB and incurs negligible overhead on the host system on a suite of indicative benchmarks. We use Nighthawk to check the integrity of the system software and firmware of a host system at runtime. The experimental results show that Nighthawk can detect real-world attacks against the OS, hypervisors, and System Management Mode while mitigating several classes of evasive attacks.[…]

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-29962-0_11

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