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microparse

“Microparse: Microcode update parser for AMD, Intel, and VIA processors written in Python 3.x.”

Security Analysis of x86 Processor Microcode
Daming D. Chen, Gail-Joon Ahn
December 11, 2014

Modern computer processors contain an embedded firmware known as microcode that controls decode and execution of x86 instructions. Despite being proprietary and relatively obscure, this microcode can be updated using binaries released by hardware manufacturers to correct processor logic faws (errata). In this paper, we show that a malicious microcode update can potentially implement a new malicious instructions or alter the functionality of existing instructions, including processor-accelerated virtualization or cryptographic primitives. Not only is this attack vector capable of subverting all software-enforced security policies and access controls, but it also leaves behind no postmortem forensic evidence due to the volatile nature of write-only patch memory embedded within the processor. Although supervisor privileges (ring zero) are required to update processor microcode, this attack cannot be easily mitigated due to the implementation of microcode update functionality within processor silicon. Additionally, we reveal the microarchitecture and mechanism of microcode updates, present a security analysis of this attack vector, and provide some mitigation suggestions. A tool for parsing microcode updates has been made open source, in conjunction with a listing of our dataset.

https://github.com/ddcc/microparse

 

https://www.dcddcc.com/docs/2014_paper_microcode.pdf

 

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Intel Distribution for Python

Intel has a new Anaconda Python distribution, built with Intel libs to enhance speed/concurrency to help.

It is registration-required freeware if you download it from Intel. It mentions below that  it might also be installable via Anaconda, unclear if registration is required for Anaconda. I’ve not found the source to this project yet, but I could’ve missed it.

https://software.intel.com/en-us/blogs/2016/09/08/intel-distribution-for-python

A few excerpts from their home page below:

Get up to 97 times faster numerical processing on SciPy stack: NumPy, SciPy, and scikit-learn boosted by the Intel® Math Kernel Library. Speed up data analytics with pyDAAL and parallelize Python workloads with enhanced Intel® Threading Building Blocks (Intel® TBB).

The all-included, out-of-the box distribution accelerates core Python packages including NumPy, SciPy, pandas, scikit-learn, Jupyter, matplotlib, and mpi4py. It integrates the powerful Intel® Math Kernel Library (Intel® MKL), Intel® Data Analytics Acceleration Library (Intel® DAAL) and pyDAAL, Intel® MPI Library, and Intel® Threading Building Blocks (Intel® TBB).

Multithreaded Python workloads can take advantage of multicore architectures from Intel using Intel TBB optimized thread scheduling and efficient communication with the Intel MPI Library.

Installing and managing your Python environment is made easy with the all-in-one installer from Intel or by installing packages from Anaconda Cloud using conda. Third-party packages can be installed with both conda and PIP.

Use the Intel® Distribution for Python powered by Anaconda as a drop-in replacement for your current Python environment to get high performance out of the box. Your Python applications immediately gain significant performance and can further be tuned to extract every last bit of performance using the Intel® VTune™ Amplifier.

The Intel® Distribution for Python is available for free for Python 2.7.x and 3.5.x on OS X*, Windows* 7 and later, and Linux*.

PS: Alas, this does not to appear to be integrated with Intel’s port of CPython to UEFI. 🙂

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Strongdb: GDB plugin for Android native debugging

“Strongdb is a gdb plugin that is written in Python, to help with debugging Android Native program.The main code uses gdb Python API.”

https://github.com/cx9527/strongdb

 

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IPyIDA

 

Marc-Etienne M.Lévei has an IDA shell in IPython! (I wish more security tool  projects would integrate with IPython.)

IPyIDA is a python-only solution to use a IPython console in the context of IDA Pro. It spawns an IPython kernel that you can connect to with ipython console –existing in your shell or by opening a QT Console window in IDA Pro with <Shift-.>. You can then benefit from IPython’s autocompletion, online help, monospaced font input field, graphs, and so on.

https://github.com/eset/ipyida

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UEFI Firmware Parser now in Cheese Shop

The other day I noticed some Github activity for Teddy Reed’s UEFI Firmware Parser, but didn’t notice any formal new announcement. It appears I was not looking in the right place. The parser is now in the official Python Cheese Shop! And it is named “uefi_firmware”, not UEFI Firmware Parser, that explains that comment in the comment log. 🙂 It’ll be nice to have this tool more easily-available in Python. I hope the next time the UEFI Forum updates it’s UEFI port of CPython, they add this module to the UEFI port.

https://pypi.python.org/pypi/uefi_firmware

https://firmwaresecurity.com/2015/12/28/uefi-firmware-parser-updated-2/

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GDB Dashboard: Python visual UI

Modular visual interface for GDB in Python. This comes as a standalone single-file .gdbinit which, among the other things, enables a configurable dashboard showing the most relevant information during the program execution. Its main goal is to reduce the number of GDB commands issued to inspect the current program status allowing the programmer to focus on the control flow instead.

https://github.com/cyrus-and/gdb-dashboard

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tool: ThunderGate

I just learned about ThunderGate, by Saul St John, The current version is 0.8.499, initial release was 4 months ago. It is a Python RE tool for Apple Thunderbolt Ethernet (and other) controllers, with PCI Option ROM, and UEFI support! I’m excerpting the readme and usage output below, see the URLs for full details, including omitted scary warning disclaimers:

ThunderGate is a collection of tools for the manipulation of Tigon3 Gigabit Ethernet controllers, with special emphasis on the Broadcom NetLink 57762, such as is found in Apple Thunderbolt Gigabit Ethernet adapters. Tigon3 controllers contain a variety of architectural blocks, including a PCI endpoint, an 802.3 media access controller, on-chip ram, DMA read and write engines, nonvolatile storage, and one or more MIPS processors. These features are exposed by ThunderGate through an easy-to-use Python interface, allowing for reverse engineering, development, and deployment of custom firmware and applications. Examples provided include a userspace VFIO tap driver, a firmware application capable of monitoring and manipulating network traffic and host memory, and a PCI option rom containing an EFI boot services driver which can either inhibit the employ or compromise the effectivity of Intel I/O MMU address translation (VT-d). The ThunderGate firmware implements a network protocol allowing for remote control of the device and host system by an Ethernet-connected peer. Currently supported actions include reading and writing from device and host memory, forging network traffic, sending host interrupts, and manipulation of PCI capabilities configuration.

$ py/main.py -h
usage: main.py [-h] [-v] [-d] [-t] [-s] device
  device        BDF of tg3 PCI device
  -h, –help     show this help message and exit
  -i, –install  install thundergate firmware
  -u, –uio      use uio pci generic interface
  -v, –vfio     use vfio interface
  -d, –driver   load userspace tap driver
  -t, –tests    run tests
  -s, –shell    ipython cli

More Information:
https://github.com/sstjohn/thundergate
http://thundergate.io/

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