11 new security advisories from Intel

A few interesting things in this batch, SGX, rowhammer, OpenAttestation, etc.

In recent months US-CERT is getting a bit faster at noticing HW/FW issues, which is nice. It seems Intel manages to update their security announcements page right after I look at it for the day… 😦

Intel® NUC Firmware Advisory
INTEL-SA-00264
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00264.html

Intel® RAID Web Console 3 for Windows* Advisory
INTEL-SA-00259
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00259.html

Intel® Omni-Path Fabric Manager GUI Advisory
INTEL-SA-00257
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00257.html

Open Cloud Integrity Technology and OpenAttestation Advisory
INTEL-SA-00248
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00248.html

Partial Physical Address Leakage Advisory
INTEL-SA-00247
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00247.html

Intel® Turbo Boost Max Technology 3.0 Advisory
INTEL-SA-00243
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00243.html

Intel® SGX for Linux Advisory
INTEL-SA-00235
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00235.html

Intel® PROSet/Wireless WiFi Software Advisory
INTEL-SA-00232
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00232.html

Intel® Accelerated Storage Manager in Intel® Rapid Storage Technology Enterprise Advisory
INTEL-SA-00226
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00226.html

Intel® Chipset Device Software (INF Update Utility) Advisory
INTEL-SA-00224
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00224.html

ITE Tech* Consumer Infrared Driver for Windows 10 Advisory
INTEL-SA-00206
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00206.html

RAMBleed: Reading Bits in Memory Without Accessing Them

https://rambleed.com/

LVFS: checking for expired certs in UEFI

Richard Hughes has two new blog posts, one with an update to LVFS, and one on how it parses firmware ‘blobs’:

[…]Specifically, firmware is now being checked for expired Authenticode certificates which expired more than 3 years before the upload date of the firmware. The LVFS is also looking for test signing certificates that really should not exist in production firmware. All existing firmware on the LVFS is being tested, and the test backlog should be complete by this afternoon. All test failures are currently waivable.[…]

https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/lvfs-announce/2019-June/000022.html
https://blogs.gnome.org/hughsie/2019/06/02/breaking-apart-dell-uefi-firmware-capsuleupdate-packages/

Debug UEFI code by single-stepping your Coffee Lake-S hardware CPU

Teddy Reed of Facebook has a new blog post on using Intel DCI, UEFI Tool, Intel System Studio, and other tools:

TL;DR, if you have a newer CPU & chipset you can purchase a $15 off-the-shelf cable and single-step your hardware threads. The cable is a USB 3.0 debugging cable; and is similar to an ethernet crossover cable in the sense that the internal wiring is crossed. Be careful with this cable as unsupported machines will have undefined behavior due to the electronics of USB.

https://casualhacking.io/blog/2019/6/2/debug-uefi-code-by-single-stepping-your-coffee-lake-s-hardware-cpu

PCIe 5.0 spec released

Only PCI-SIG members can view this document.

PCIe 5.0 Specification Highlights:

  • Delivers 32 GT/s raw bit rate and up to 128 GB/s via x16 configuration
  • Leverages and adds to the PCIe 4.0 specification and its support for higher speeds via extended tags and credits
  • Implements electrical changes to improve signal integrity and mechanical performance of connectors
  • Includes new backwards compatible CEM connector targeted for add-in cards
  • Maintains backwards compatibility with PCIe 4.0, 3.x, 2.x and 1.x

https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190529005766/en/PCI-SIG%C2%AE-Achieves-32GTs-New-PCI-Express%C2%AE-5.0

https://pcisig.com/specifications

Reverse-engineering Samsung S10 TEEGRIS TrustZone OS


[…]I’ve been working on reverse engineering and documenting the S-Boot bootloader and TrustZone OS from the Exynos version of Samsung Galaxy S10.
TLDR: I can now run S-Boot and TEEGRIS TrustZone TAs in QEMU but too lazy to find bugs.[…]

http://allsoftwaresucks.blogspot.com/2019/05/reverse-engineering-samsung-exynos-9820.html

SpecFuzz: tool that enables dynamic testing for speculative execution vulnerabilities (e.g., Spectre)

SpecFuzz is the first tool that enables dynamic testing for speculative execution vulnerabilities (e.g., Spectre). The key is the concept of speculation exposure: The program is instrumented to simulate speculative execution in software by forcefully executing the code paths that could be triggered due to mispredictions, thereby making the speculative memory accesses visible to integrity checkers. Combined with the conventional fuzzing techniques, speculation exposure enables more precise identification of potential vulnerabilities compared to the state-of-the-art static analyzers. Our prototype for detecting Spectre V1 vulnerabilities successfully identifies all known variations of Spectre V1, and dramatically reduces the overheads compared to the deployed Speculative Load Hardening mitigation across the evaluated applications, reducing the amount of necessary instrumentation by 99% in some of them.

https://arxiv.org/abs/1905.10311

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Intel AMT security best practices

Instead of the ‘disable it and presume everything is fine’ approach, I’ve been looking around for something like an Intel AMT/ME Security Best Practices document, to help sysadmins (and end users) secure that processor as much as possible. A friend at Intel found this, closest-fit document, with AMT configuration information, that is interesting to read. First released in 2015, last updated Janurary 2019.

Deployment GUIDE
Intel® Setup and Configuration Software (Intel® SCS)

This deployment guide is an instructional document providing simple steps to enable the discovery, configuration and maintenance of Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) platforms using Intel® Setup and Configuration Software (Intel® SCS). Intel® AMT operates independently of the CPU and the firmware is delivered in an un-configured state. Intel® SCS is provided by Intel to support the setup and configuration of the firmware for the target environment and enable remote, out-of-band access to Intel® AMT features. Guidance is provided to enable a baseline implementation of Intel® AMT and identifies common configuration settings to support an enterprise deployment that take advantage of the manageability and security features available on platforms that support Intel® AMT and Intel® Standard Manageability. After configuration, Intel® AMT systems can be remotely managed by products, toolsets and solutions including Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft PowerShell, and Intel® Manageability Commander.

https://www.intel.com/content/dam/support/us/en/documents/software/software-applications/Intel_SCS_Deployment_Guide.pdf

Pitchfork: detect Spectre vulnerabilities using symbolic execution, uses angr

Pitchfork is a static analysis tool, built on angr, which performs speculative symbolic execution. That is, it not only executes the “correct” or “sequential” paths of a program, but also the “mispredicted” or “speculative” paths, subject to some speculation window size. Pitchfork finds paths where secret data is used in either address calculations or branch conditions (and thus leaked), even speculatively – these paths represent Spectre vulnerabilities. Pitchfork covers Spectre v1, Spectre v1.1, and theoretically Spectre v4 (the code for v4 is here, but hasn’t been tested).

https://github.com/cdisselkoen/pitchfork

Kees Cook on Linux 5.0 security features

Kees has another blog post with security feature delta for the latest Linux kernel:

https://outflux.net/blog/archives/2019/05/27/security-things-in-linux-v5-1/

PSPTool: Display, extract and manipulate AMD PSP UEFI firmware

PSPTool is a Swiss Army knife for dealing with firmware of the AMD Secure Processor (formerly known as Platform Security Processor or PSP). It locates AMD firmware inside UEFI images as part of BIOS updates targeting AMD platforms. It is based on reverse-engineering efforts of AMD’s proprietary filesystem used to pack firmware blobs into UEFI Firmware Images. These are usually 16MB in size and can be conveniently parsed by UEFITool. However, all binary blobs by AMD are located in padding volumes unparsable by UEFITool. PSPTool favourably works with UEFI images as obtained through BIOS updates.

https://github.com/cwerling/psptool

VxHunter: firmware analysis tool for VxWorks-based embedded devices, supports Ghidra and IDA

VxHunter: A ToolSet for VxWorks Based Embedded Device Analyses. The firmware analyze tool is plugins written in Python, mainly used for analyze firmware loading address, fix function name with symbol table and etc.[…]

https://github.com/dark-lbp/vxhunter

PS: See also an ICS security tool by the same author, based on Routersploit:

https://github.com/dark-lbp/isf

TEE Exploitation on Samsung Exynos devices (I/IV) : Introduction



Part 1 of a series of posts on exploiting Trusted Applications on the Samsung Galaxy S9 TEE. Over the next couple of posts we are going to explain our research into exploitation of Trusted Applications on the Kinibi Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) used by Samsung on their Exynos devices up to the Galaxy S9. These same results have been presented at zer0con and Infiltrate 2019[…]

https://labs.bluefrostsecurity.de/blog/2019/05/27/tee-exploitation-on-samsung-exynos-devices-introduction/
https://labs.bluefrostsecurity.de/files/TEE.pdf

Verification of Authenticated Firmware Loaders

By: Sujit Kumar Muduli Pramod Subramanyan, Sayak Ray

An important primitive in ensuring security of modern systems-on-chip designs are protocols for authenticated firmware load. These loaders read a firmware binary image from an untrusted input device, authenticate the image using cryptography and load the image into memory for execution if authentication succeeds. While these protocols are an essential part of the hardware root of trust in almost all modern computing devices, verification techniques for reasoning about end-to-end security of these protocols do not exist. In this paper, we take a step toward addressing this gap by introducing a system model, adversary model and end-to-end security property that enable reasoning about the security of authenticated load protocols. We then present a decomposition of the security property into two simpler hyperproperties. This decomposition enables more scalable verification. Experiments on a protocol model demonstrate viability of the methodology.

https://eprint.iacr.org/2019/564.pdf

Microsoft Azure: UEFI-based boot VMs available

Good new, the long awaited UEFI-based boot support for Azure virtual machine is now available in preview. The UEFI-based boot support was added to on-premises Hyper-V since Windows Server 2012 R2, quite long time ago and since then we have been waiting for this on Azure. The new generation (aka generation 2) of Azure virtual machine introduces this support alongside of: […] and off course, support of SecureBoot and vTPM (virtual trusted platform module). Unfortunately, the support for VHDX is still not there. […] Complete list of support and limitations is available here https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/generation-2 (side note, it seems the documentation is not completely correct at the time of writing as SecureBoot and vTPM are still listed as unsupported).[…]

https://www.hametbenoit.com/2019/05/21/azure-uefi-based-boot-virtual-machine-now-available-in-preview/

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/generation-2

Redfish Version 2019.1 released

DMTF has released v2019.1 of Redfish, which includes 19 schema updates, revisions to the Redfish specification, and additional developer resources:

Redfish Schema Bundle (updated)
Redfish Specification (updated)
Redfish 2019.1 Overview (updated)
Redfish Resource and Schema Guide (updated)
Redfish Release History (updated)
Redfish Property Guide (new document)

https://www.dmtf.org/content/redfish-version-20191-now-available

https://www.dmtf.org/standards/redfish